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Ao longo da historia do audiovisual, a evolución dos personaxes LGTBIQ+ en pantalla foi marcando a distintas xeracións do colectivo, que se viron identificadas e representadas polas súas historias, romances ou obstáculos.

A pesar de que o cambio e a diversidade comezan lentamente a facerse notar en series e películas, os personaxes do colectivo homosexual sofren continuamente un final tráxico que se adoita demasiado común, sen importar o xénero, trama ou narrativa da produción audiovisual.

Esta tendencia provocou que o público e a comunidade fan impulsase movementos de protesta como “Bury your Gays” en Estados Unidos, que alcanzou notoriedade mundial grazas a internet e as redes sociais.

Nesta investigación documental, explóranse as mortes de personaxes LGTBIQ+ ao longo de décadas de series e películas mentras se estudian os parámetros comúns que aumentan as posibilidades de falecemento en pantalla; por exemplo, o feito de ser muller bisexual ou lesbiana.

Detalles

2022

Investigación documental: Documentación, Guion, Edición, Animación por Henfunk Studio

Locución: Filling_thegap

MATERIAIS UTILIZADOS

Fontes de información e documentación escrita:

Calvario Liz. (2016) “More Queer Women Are Being Killed Off On Television Series Than Ever Before” IndieWire. https://www.indiewire.com/2016/06/lesbian-characters-die-tv-the-100-the-vampire-diaries-the-walking-dead-1201683169/

Corona, Alberto. (2021) “Los personajes LGTBIQ+ de la ficción audiovisual española son solo un 7%” El Diario.es. https://www.eldiario.es/cultura/cine/personajes-lgtbqi-ficcion-audiovisual-espanola-son-7_1_8485185.html

Crimental, Elena. (2018) ”Tópicos eternos: la representación LGBT+ en el cine y la televisión” Canino. https://www.caninomag.es/topicos-eternos-la-representacion-lgbt-en-el-cine-y-la-television/

Hinojosa, Encarni. (2022) “Dead Lesbian Syndrome is very much alive” Sur in English. https://www.surinenglish.com/six/dead-lesbian-syndrome-20220520184705-nt.html

Meaker, Marijane (Vin Packer). (1952). Spring Fire.

Riese. (2022) “All 225 Dead Lesbian and Bisexual Characters On TV, And How They Died” Autostraddle. https://www.autostraddle.com/all-65-dead-lesbian-and-bisexual-characters-on-tv-and-how-they-died-312315/

Yandoli, Kayla. (2022) “Tell Us Which LGBTQ Movie Or Queer Character Had A Happy Ending And Didn’t Fall Victim To The «Bury Your Gays» Trope” Buzzfeed https://www.buzzfeed.com/kaylayandoli/which-lgbtq-movie-character-had-a-happy-ending

Filmografía consultada e utilizada:

Abbot, Michele; Chaiken, Ilene; Greenberg, Kathy. (2009). The L Word. Showtime; Anonymous Content; Dufferin Gate Productions; Coast Mountain Films; Posse; MGM Television.

Adler, Ali; Berlanti, Greg; Kreisberg, Andrew. (2015-2021). Supergirl. Berlanti Productions; DC Entertainment; Warner Bros Television.

Aguirre-Sacasa, Roberto. (2018). Riverdale. Berlanti Productions; Archie Comics; Warner Bros Television; CBS Television Studios.

Akil, Salim. (2018-2021). Black Lightning. Berlanti Productions; Akil Productions; DC Entertainment; Warner Bros Television.

Ambrossi, Javier; Calvo, Javier. (2020). Veneno. Atresmedia Studios; Suma Latina.

Andras, Emily. (2016-2021). Wynonna Earp. SEVEN24 Films; IDW Publishing; Cineflix Studios.

Babbit, Jamie. (1999). But I´m a Cheerleader. The Kushner-Locke Company.

Ball, Alan. (2011). True Blood. Your Face Goes Here Entertainment

Baumbach, Noah. (2012). Frances Ha. Scott Rudin Productions, RT Features, Pine District Pictures.

Beattie, Jay; Blotevogel, Jill; Dworkin, Dan. (2015). Scream. Signpost Up Ahead; MTV Production Development; Dimension TV; DiGa Vision.

Berlanti, Greg. (2018). Love, Simon. Fox 2000 Pictures, Temple Hill Entertainment.

Berlanti, Greg. Guggenheim, Marc. Kreisberg, Andrew. (2016-2022). Legends of Tomorrow. Bonanza Productions Inc; Berlanti Productions; Warner Bros Television; DC Entertainment.

Berman, Rick; Piller, Michael. (1993). Star Trek Deep Space Nine. Paramount Domestic Television.

Braga, Brannon; Simon, Adam. (2014-2017). Salem. Beetlecod Productions Prospect Park (2014–15); The Firm (2016–17); Fox 21 (2014); Fox 21 Television Studios (2015–17).

Braun, Harriet (2012) Lip Service. Kudos Productions, BBC.

Brebner, Morwyn; MacRury, Malcolm. (2012-2017). Saving Hope. Entertainment One; Thump.

Bredeweg, Bradley; Paige, Peter. (2013-2018). The Fosters. ProdCo Original; Blazing Elm Entertainment; Nuyorican Productions; Freeform Original Productions.

Brennan, Ian; Falchuk, Brad; Murphy, Ryan. (2009-2015). Glee. 20th Century Fox Television.

Brennan, Ian; Falchuk, Brad; Murphy, Ryan. (2015-2016). Scream Queens. 20th Century Fox Television; Prospect Films; Ryan Murphy Productions; Brad Falchuk Teley-vision.

Brittain, Jamie; Elsley,Bryan. (2010-2013). Skins. Company Pictures, E4.

Canals, Steven; Falchuk, Brad; Murphy, Ryan. (2018-2021). Pose. Color Force; Brad Falchuk Teley-Vision; Ryan Murphy Television; Touchstone Television​; FXP.

Cone, Stephen. (2017). Princess Cyd. Sunroom Pictures.

Daniels, Lee; Strong, Danny. (2015-2020). Empire. Imagine Television; Be Dark Entertainment; Danny Strong Productions; 20th Century Fox Television; Little Chicken, Inc; Yevsterdays Televised Pictures; RavaGEEKS International.

Darabont, Frank. (2010-2022). The Walking Dead. Idiot Box Productions; Circle of Confusion; Skybound Entertainment; Valhalla Entertainment; AMC Studios.

Davies, Russell. (2008). Torchwood. BBC Wales; Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2006); BBC Worldwide (2010–2011); Starz Entertainment (2010–2011).

Decter, Ed. (2016-2019). Shadowhunters. Constantin Film; Don Carmody; Unique Features.

DeKnight, Steven. (2010-2013). Spartacus. Starz Productions.

Écija, Daniel; Escobar, Iván; Martínez, Esther; Pina, Álex. (2015-2019). Vis a vis. Globomedia; FOX Networks Group España.

Écija, Daniel; Pina, Álex (2005-2010) Los hombres de Paco. Globomedia; Antena 3.

Falchuk, Brad; Murphy, Ryan. (2014). American Horror Story. Ryan Murphy Television; Brad Falchuk Teley-Vision

Fawcett, John; Manson, Graeme. (2015). Orphan Black. Temple Street Productions.

Flanagan, Mike. (2020). The Haunting of Bly Manor. Intrepid Pictures; Amblin Television; Paramount Television Studios.

Hannam, David; Radulovich, Lara; Watson, Reg. (2013-2015). Wentworth. FremantleMedia Australia.

Haynes, Todd. (2015). Carol. Film4 Productions, Killer Films, Number 9 Films.

Jones, Julian; Watkins, Lucy. (2004) .Hex. Shine; Sony Pictures Television International.

King, I. Marlene. (2012-2013). Pretty Little Liars. Warner Horizon Television; Alloy Entertainment; Long Lake Productions; Russian Hill Productions.

Kohan, Jenji. (2013-2019). Orange is the New Black. Lionsgate Television.
Kripke, Eric. (2015) Supernatural. Kripke Enterprises Wonderland Sound and Vision (2005–13); Warner Bros. Television.

Larder, Nicola; Rosenfeldt, Hans. (2016-2020). Marcella. Buccaneer Media.

LaRosa, James. (2013-2018). Hit the floor. The Film Syndicate; In Cahoots Media.

Lelio, Sebastián. (2017). Disobedience. Coproducción Reino Unido-Estados Unidos-Irlanda; Braven Films, Element Pictures, Film 4.

Levinson, Sam. (2019-2022). Euphoria. HBO, A24.

Levy, Daniel; Levy, Eugene. (2015-2020). Schitt’s Creek. Not a Real Company Productions; CBC/Radio-Canada; Pop Media Group.

Lovretta, Michelle. (2015). Lost Girl. Prodigy Pictures Inc. in association with Shaw Media (Showcase).

Mamoulian, Rouben. (1933). Queen Christina. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM).

McGreevy, Brian; Shipman, Lee. (2013-2015). Hemlock Grove. Gaumont International Television; ShineBox SMC.

McKeown,Colin; Redmond, Phil. (1995). Brookside. Mersey Television

McQueen, Geoff. (2003). The Bill. Thames Television, Talkback Thames.

Mitchell, Dominic. (2013-2014). In the flesh. BBC.

Montero, Carlos. (2008-2011). Física o Química. Ida y Vuelta Producciones

Montero, Carlos; Madrona, Darío. (2018-2021). Elite. Zeta Studios Production

Murphy, Ryan. (2009). Nip/Tuck. Hands Down Entertainment; The Shephard/Robin Company; Stu Segall Productions; Warner Bros Television; Ryan Murphy Productions.

Nowalk, Peter. (2014-2020). How to get away with murder. ShondaLand.

Nunn, Laurie. (2019-2021). Sex Education. Eleven Film.

Oseman, Alice. (2022). Heartstopper. See-Saw Films

Oz, Frank. (2004). The Stepford Wives. De Line Pictures.
Parker, Ol. (2005). Imagine me and you. Coproducción Reino Unido-Alemania; Cougar Films, X Filme Creative Pool, Ealing Studios, BBC Films, Focus Features, Minotaur Film Partnership No. 3.

Rashid, Robia. (2017-2021). Atypical. Weird Brain; Exhibit A; Sony Pictures Television

Rhimes, Shonda. (2005-2022). Grey’s Anatomy. ABC Signature; Shondaland; Entertainment One Television.

Rhimes, Shonda. (2011). Private Practice. Shondaland; The Mark Gordon Company; ABC Studios.

Robinson, Angela. (2017). Professor Marston and the Wonder Woman. Annapurna Pictures; Boxspring Entertainment; Opposite Field Pictures; Topple Productions.

Rosenberg, Melissa. (2015). Jessica Jones. Marvel Television; ABC Studios; Tall Girls Productions.

Rothenberg, Jason. (2016). The 100. Alloy Entertainment; CBS Television Studios; Warner Bros. Television; Bonanza Productions​.
Sagan, Leontine. (1931). Mädchen in Uniform. Deutsche Film-Gemeinschaft.

Savage, Stephanie; Schwartz, Josh. (2017-2019). Runaways. ABC Signature Studios; Marvel Television; Fake Empire Productions.

Schulian, John; Tapert, Robert . (1995-2001). Xena the Warrior Princess. Renaissance Pictures

Schwartz, Josh. (2005). The OC. Wonderland Sound and Vision; Warner Bros. Television; College Hill Pictures Inc, Hypnotic.

Simon, David (2004 y 2008). The Wire. Blown Deadline Productions; HBO Entertainment.

Smith, Alena. (2019-2021). Dickinson. Tuning Fork Productions; Wiip; Anonymous Content.

Snyder Urman, Jennie. (2014-2019). Jane the Virgin. Poppy Productions; RCTV International; Electus; Warner Bros Television; CBS Television Studios.

Straczynski, Michael; Wachowski J., Hermanas. (2015-2028). Sense8. Georgeville Television; Studio JMS; Netflix.

Streicher, Sarah. (2020-2022). The Wilds. ABC Signature; Amazon Studios; Dylan Clark Productions; Fanfare Productions; A.B. Baby Productions.

Sutter, Kurt. (2008-2014). Sons of Anarchy. FX Productions; Sutterlnk; Linson Entertainment; 20th Century Fox Television.

Tancharoen, Maurissa; Whedon, Jed; Whedon, Josh.(2013-2020). Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. Marvel Television; ABC Studios.

von Sternberg, Josef. (1930). Morocco. Paramount Pictures.

Wainwright, Sally. (2003). At Home With The Braithwaites. Yorkshire Television

Wainwright, Sally. (2015). Last Tango in Halifax. BBC.

Wainwright, Sally. (2019-2022). Gentleman Jack. Lookout Point.

Waller-Bridge, Phoebe. (2018-2022). Killing Eve. Sid Gentle Films.

Watson, Reg. (1980). Prisoner: Cel Block H. Reg Grundy Organisation.

Wells, John. (2011-2021). Shameless. John Wells Productions; Warner Bros Television; Showtime Networks.

Whedon, Joss. (2002). Buffy the Vampire Slayer. Mutant Enemy Productions; Sandollar Television; Kuzui Enterprises; 20th Century Fox Television.

Wilde, Olivia. (2019). Booksmart. Annapurna Pictures; Gloria Sanchez Productions.

Williamson, Kevin. (2009-2017). Vampire Diaries. Outerbanks Entertainment; Alloy Entertainment; CBS Television Studios; Warner Bros Television.

Willimon, Beau. House of Cards (2013-2018). Media Rights Capital; Trigger Street Productions; Wade/Thomas Productions; Knight Takes King Production.

Wise, Robert.. (1973). Executive Suite. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM).

STILLS

Por mor da morte de Lexa en 2016, o público recuperou un termo en Estados Unidos coñecido como “Bury your gays”. Un movemento que apareceu nos medios literarios e audiovisuais desde finais do século XIX e que reinvindica o papel da diversidade de xénero, protestando contra a morte sistemática de personaxes LGTBQ+ ou amantes do mesmo xénero.